Example of a SQLInjection Attack
Here is a sample basic HTML form with two inputs, login and password.
<form method="post" action="http://testasp.vulnweb.com/login.asp">
<input name="tfUName" type="text" id="tfUName">
<input name="tfUPass" type="password" id="tfUPass">
The easiest way for the login.asp to work is by building a database query that looks like this:
WHERE username = '$username'
AND password = '$password’
If the variables $username and $password are requested directly from the user's input, this can easily be compromised. Suppose that we gave "Joe" as a username and that the following string was provided as a password: anything' OR 'x'='x
WHERE username = 'Joe'
AND password = 'anything' OR 'x'='x'
As the inputs of the web application are not properly sanitised, the use of the single quotes has turned the WHERE SQL command into a two-component clause.
The 'x'='x' part guarantees to be true regardless of what the first part contains.
This will allow the attacker to bypass the login form without actually knowing a valid username / password combination!